The organic law relating to the finance laws (Lolf) of 1st August 2001 provided in-depth reform of State administration. It came into force in stages and has applied to the entire administration since 1st January 2006.
The Lolf consists in a new architecture of the General Budget, no longer defined by ministry but by mission, programme and action. A mission may concern one or more ministries. A programme is a grouping of means in a public policy: it is run by a ministry in accordance with a defined strategy. An action identifies the means and modes of action of the protagonists of a programme.
Drawn up according to this architecture, the budget reflects the key choices in public policy relating to employment, education, security, housing, etc.