An assisted contract is a special type of employment contract, for which the employer benefits from aid, which may take the form of recruitment subsidies, exemptions from certain social contributions, or training assistance. The general principle is to reduce, via direct or indirect aid, hiring and/or training costs for the employer. These assisted jobs are, in general, accessible mainly for "target publics", such as persons "in difficulty on the labour market" or young people. They are part of the market sector (this is the case for example of Single integration contract in the market sector / CUI-CIE) or the non-market sector (for example, Single integration contract in the non-market sector / CUI-CAE). In the second case, they are most often signed by associations, territorial authorities or public companies.
People "in difficulty on the labour market" are: long-term or very long-term jobseekers (for example people who have been unemployed for 12 of the previous 18 months, or 24 of the previous 36 months), beneficiaries of statutory minimum allowances such as the Specific Solidarity Benefit (ASS) or the RMI, disabled people, people aged over 50 who have been unemployed for over 3 months or who are on professional conversion leave (or contracts), young people without any qualifications, etc.