Electoral roll file
In accordance with Law n° 46-1889 of 28 August 1946 as reiterated in Article L. 37 of the Electoral Code, the National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) is responsible for maintaining the general electoral roll.
Management shared by the municipalities and the INSEE
This file is used to check the electoral rolls managed by the municipalities.
The municipalities transmit to the INSEE the data concerning people enrolled on or removed from their electoral rolls.
The INSEE sends the municipalities :
- requests for removal from the electoral roll, notably in the case of enrolment in another municipality,
- the list of names of people having reached the age of 18, automatically entitled to be enrolled on electoral lists,
- the list of French voters located outside of France and wishing to vote outside France in the elections,
- information relative to the loss of civil rights.
Good coordination and smooth exchanges between the municipalities and the INSEE ensures that each voter is enrolled only once on an electoral list and thus avoids the issuing of several voters' cards.
Electoral roll reviews
All adult French nationals enjoying civil and political rights and registered in a municipality are entitled to vote. The electoral roll is permanent but is reviewed annually by the administrative electoral roll review commissions which meet between 1 September of each year and 28 or 29 February of the following year. The commission enrols voters, either at their own request or that of the INSEE (automatic enrolment). Names may be removed from the list either by request of the INSEE (for reasons of geographic mobility, death, loss of voting rights), or at the request of the municipalities. Enrolments and removals from the list are communicated to the INSEE once they have been validated by the commission.
Voters must apply for enrolment in their municipality of residence before 31 December of the year preceding the elections if they wish to vote in the following year's elections. Applications for enrolment may be made throughout the year, but only the review process can ratify them. An application for enrolment made in year N takes effect on 1 March of year N+1, once the review period has ended. On the last day of February, the commission for each municipality establishes a new electoral list that includes the modifications made during the review period (removals, enrolments, re-enrolments). The reviewed list is then communicated to the prefect.
The automatic enrolment procedure
Persons who reach the age of 18 between 1 March of year N and the last day of February of year N+1, who fulfil the other requisite conditions for voters and have been registered by their town hall for the Defence and Citizenship Day are enrolled automatically on the electoral list of their municipality of residence. The INSEE submits them to the municipal administrative commissions for enrolment, based on the Ministry of Defence census file. If validated by the administrative commissions, they are then included in the roll. In the case of a general election, young people reaching the age of 18 between the month of March of the previous year and the day before the election in the current year, and who have been registered on the occasion of the Defence and Citizenship Day, are also enrolled automatically and may take part in the election.