The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) collects, produces, analyzes,
and disseminates information on the French economy and society.
This information is relevant to public officials, government bodies, businesses, researchers, the media, teachers, students and private individuals. It enables them to enhance their knowledge, conduct studies, prepare forecasts, and take decisions. To satisfy its users, INSEE listens to their needs and adjusts its work program accordingly.
INSEE is responsible for coordinating France's official statistical service. It represents France in European Union institutions and international bodies in charge of statistical harmonization.
INSEE is also engaged in higher education and research via GENES (Groupe des Écoles Nationales d'Économie et Statistique).
INSEE organizes the population census and tracks demographic changes. It produces the main indicators for the national economy, such as the national accounts, the consumer price index, and other short-term economic indicators.
It periodically conducts statistical surveys of households on topics including employment, living conditions, housing, and health.
It gathers information from enterprises on their characteristics. It participates in the improvement of collection methods.
To lessen the response burden, INSEE extracts data for purely statistical purposes from documents collected by other government entities. Example include transcripts of civil registration records, employers' annual statements of payroll data, annual income-tax returns, social-contribution records, tax returns by industrial and commercial firms, and value-added-tax (VAT) returns.
INSEE also manages the SIRENE business register, the national identification register of private individuals (RNIPP), and voter rolls.
Using the data collected, INSEE prepares studies on the national economy, in particular the production system: economic conditions, analysis of major economic and financial balances, analysis of the situation and behavior of enterprises, and analysis of economic activity sectors. It produces studies on French society, covering demographic behaviors (births, deaths, migrations), education and training, employment and unemployment, income and poverty, and living conditions.
These studies often include a spatial dimension, such as the geographic distribution of people and economic activities, and exchanges between territorial units.
INSEE prepares very-short-term forecasts on the French economy. It develops and applies macroeconomic and demographic models to contribute insights on medium- and long-term changes in the French economy and society.
The statistics produced by INSEE are available to all, free of charge, on INSEE's website www.insee.fr. One of INSEE's essential priorities is to disseminate its statistics and findings.
Businesses, government agencies, local communities, but also researchers, educators, students, journalists, and private citizens can access all the economic and social information produced by INSEE and the official statistical service, within the limits of confidentiality rules.
To fill out its offering obtainable on www.insee.fr, INSEE prepares customized products adapted to users' specific needs. For example, it can compile individualized tables, extract data, and even perform surveys, studies, and analyses at the request of government departments, local authorities, businesses, chambers of commerce, and others.
Most French ministries run their own statistical offices, which engage in statistical operations within their ministry's field of competency. INSEE's remit is to coordinate their work.
Through the Grouping of National Economics and Statistics Schools (Groupe des Écoles Nationales d'Économie et de Statistique: GENES), INSEE provides training for specialists in statistics, economics, and information processing. Graduates from INSEE schools are sought after by businesses, government agencies, and public institutions.
INSEE undertakes research in two main areas: economic modeling and statistical methodology.
GENES consolidates INSEE's higher-education and research activities. It comprises:
ENSAE, a school dedicated to training economist-statisticians
ENSAE is the scientific grande école specializing in economics and statistics, and their applications to analysis, finance, and insurance. It trains civil servants (with the rank of INSEE administrateurs and commissaires contrôleurs des assurances) and non-civil-servants. The school's annual intake is approximately 125 students, through two channels:
Programme duration is two or three years, depending on the student's previous academic record.
For more information, visit the ENSAE website: www.ensae.fr
ENSAI, a school that trains for careers in statistics and information analysis
ENSAI is the first French grande école to offer access to a wide range of statistical-engineering and information-processing careers through advanced courses in statistics, econometrics, and IT. Forty percent of the annual intake consists of "civil-service interns" who graduate after two years with the rank of attaché statisticien de l'INSEE.
The 60% of students who are not civil servants go on to a third year of specialized training, and graduate with an engineering degree.
The majority of the intake consists of students who have completed classes préparatoires in science or khâgne classes (intensive training for grandes écoles) in the B/L or D2 category. Some students with a university B.A. or M.A. in mathematics, social science or economics can take the entrance exam at L2 level or be admitted at M1 level on the strength of prior qualifications.
For more information, visit the ENSAI website: www.ensai.fr
CREST, a centre with 100 researchers, including 45 graduate students
CREST is the economic and statistical research centre common to INSEE and its grandes écoles. The centre specializes in:
For more information, visit the CREST website: www.crest.fr
CEPE, a continuing-education centre for economics and statistics
CEPE provides training for attendees from the business world, public and semi-public agencies, and government bodies. Inter-company or customized training sessions are designed for statisticians and economists at beginner level or at a more advanced level who want to deepen their knowledge of a specific aspect of their field.
For more information, visit the CEPE website: www.lecepe.fr
The GENES comprises 4 establishments:
For more information on GENES schools: Discover the role of grandes écoles in France, the history of INSEE schools since 1946.
INSEE works daily with Eurostat and its national counterparts in the European Union. It is thus helping to build the EU's statistical space. As part of this undertaking, the Institute is involved in drafting statistical regulations and—in compliance with the subsidiarity principle—in producing European statistics.
On the international scene, INSEE participates in the statistical work of the United Nations (UN), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the World Bank.
Under the terms of bilateral and multilateral cooperation agreements, INSEE provides assistance to foreign statistical agencies and helps train statisticians in the developing countries as well as in countries in transition to a market economy. These actions are undertaken in consultation with national and international organizations, notably the European Commission and Eurostat.
CEFIL, INSEE's training center in Libourne (south-west France), organizes seminars and meetings with statisticians and economists from abroad.
The Institute issues La lettre de la coopération technique internationale and co-publishes the methodological journal Statéco.